• Equipment lists of fire hose and noz-
zles and miscellaneous equipment and
adapters that shall be on the appara-
tus before it is placed in service.
Mobile water supply apparatus must have
a 1,000-gpm direct tank fill and be able to
discharge water to the left, right, and rear.
Numerous styles of tank dumps are available. A pumper with a large water tank that
does not have these features is a pumper,
not a mobile water supply apparatus.
Chapter 8, Aerial
An aerial apparatus is a vehicle
equipped with an aerial ladder, an
elevating platform, or a water tower
designed and equipped to support
firefighting and rescue operations by
positioning personnel, handling materi-
als, and providing continuous egress or
discharging water at positions elevated
from the ground. The basic requirements
particular to an aerial apparatus include
• If equipped with a fire pump that is
intended to supply water to a perma-
nently mounted waterway, the pump
needs to be capable of supplying the
flow with a maximum intake pressure
of 20 pounds per square inch (psi).
• An aerial ladder, elevating platform, or
• Any size water tank if specified.
• 40 cu. ft. for equipment storage.
• No requirement for hose storage.
• If the apparatus is equipped with a fire
pump and water tank, two areas, 3. 5
cu. ft. each, to accommodate 1½-inch
or larger preconnected hoselines.
• A minimum of 115 feet of ground
ladders: two straight roof ladders, two
extension ladders, and one folding
ladder (or stepladder or multipurpose
• Equipment lists of miscellaneous
equipment and adapters that shall be
on the apparatus before it is placed in
• If a prepiped waterway is not installed,
a detachable ladder pipe and three-inch hose are to be provided.
There are many decisions when specifying an aerial apparatus. The following
are some of your choices: straight stick
aerial, aerial ladder platform, telescopic
boom platform, articulating platform,
telescoping-articulating platform, water
tower, rear-mount apparatus, mid-mount
apparatus, and tiller apparatus. Carefully
evaluate all of your choices based on
fire station size, response district, and
operating criteria when starting your
Over the years, the minimum number
and size of ground ladders have been
reduced from a total of 212 feet to 163
feet, and now it is 115 feet. The primary
reason for this is the reduction in staffing
typically available to raise the longer,
heavier ladders. The size and number of
ladders carried is up to the purchaser as
long as you satisfy the minimum.
Chapter 9, Quint
A quint is a fire apparatus with a fire
pump, water tank, hose storage area,
aerial ladder, or elevating platform with
a waterway and a complement of ground
ladders. The basic quint requirements
include the following:
• Minimum 1,000-gpm fire pump (to
supply the aerial waterway).
• Aerial ladder or elevating platform
provided with permanently installed
• Minimum 300-gallon water tank.
• 40 cu. ft. for equipment storage.
• A minimum of 30 cu. ft. for 2½-inch or
larger hose storage.
• Two areas, 3. 5 cu. ft. each, to accommodate 1½-inch or larger preconnected lines.
• A minimum of 85 feet of ground ladders: one straight roof ladder, one extension ladder, and one folding ladder
(or stepladder or multipurpose ladder).
• A minimum of 20 feet of suction hose
(and strainer) or 15 feet of supply hose.
• Equipment lists of fire hose and
nozzles and miscellaneous equipment
and adapters that shall be on the quint
before it is placed in service.
As you can see above, a quint has a
special set of requirements. You may
have a pumper with an aerial device, but
if it lacks 85 feet of ground ladders, it is
not a quint. Likewise, if you specify an
aerial apparatus with a pump and a tank
that don’t have the required hosebed or if
the water tank is less than 300 gallons, it
is not classified as a quint.
Chapter 10, Special Service
A special service fire apparatus
(rescue, hazmat, command, light and air)
is a multipurpose vehicle that primarily
provides support services at emergency
scenes. The requirements for a special
( 6) This is a view of an electrical driveline
retarder. When the coils are energized, a
magnetic field is produced, slowing the rotation
of the two rotors attached to the driveline.
( 8) Clearance for the use of full skid chains
should be specified. ( 9) Aluminum wheels
with torque indicators installed. The torque
indicator is installed on the lug nut after proper
torqueing, making it easy to see if a lug has
( 7) Air bag suspension (shown) is one of the
many choices available to purchasers.